Michelangelo’s Crucifix for Vittoria Colonna

A devotional crucifix, whose model is believed to be the work of Michelangelo, is known preserved by a minority of casts in silver and bronze, the finest of which, is examined here. The crucifix is here suggested as made for Michelangelo’s friend, Vittoria Colonna, as a private gift or possible commission. A census of casts of the model are explored, tracing its origins in Rome and later to Seville where it influenced Spanish sculptors and painters during the first decades of the 17th century.

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The Use and Invention of Plaquettes by the De Levis bronze Foundry of Verona

A discussion and analysis concerning the use and reproduction of plaquettes by the De Levis family of bronze founders provides insight into the inner machinations of a provincial bronze foundry of the late Renaissance. This essay discusses how plaquettes invented by others were used as decorative embellishments for mortars and bells by the De Levis family foundry and how a later generation of De Levis family founders began adding potentially original modifications and creations to their workshop repertoire of reliefs.

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